Resilience & Reliability

Understanding the resilience and reliability of alternative energy transitions to climate and socioeconomic uncertainties is a key step in long-term planning.

With a higher share of wind and solar and electrification of sectors, both load and generation are increasingly driven by weather, while other resources like water availability for hydropower, cooling of generators, biomass, hydrogen, and other technologies are impacted by climate change and increasing competition for water resources.

GODEEEP is providing datasets and use cases to address the technical challenges of weather- and climate-dependent loads and resources:

  • Coincident wind, solar, and load hourly time series at the scale of Production Cost Models (PCMs), at nodal resolution, with a model-agnostic approach.
  • 1km-resolution sited infrastructure for a range of energy transition scenarios (business as usual, net-zero), climate futures, and socioeconomic trends.
  • Load profiles and sensitivity to temperature associated with the electrification of transport and different charging strategies.
  • Climate stress test scenarios: a subset of wind, solar, load, and hydro datasets that represent heat waves and droughts for use in Production Cost Model (PCM) studies.
  • Energy drought characterization and scenarios: analytics describing the frequency, duration, and intensity of energy droughts and associated wind, solar, load, and hydro datasets under evolving infrastructure for utilities to address questions such as storage sizing, transmission congestion, redundancy, etc.
  • Energy-drought-informed storage siting and sizing.
  • Datasets and code are available for interested users to customize and inform their own studies.

These challenges are addressed through the development of a complex workflow linking capacity expansion models all the way to production cost models. Learn more about our datasets and workflows.


Data & Results

Historical Balancing Authority-Scale Hourly Solar and Wind Generation for Lower 48 U.S. States Historical Plant-Scale Hourly Solar and Wind for Lower 48 U.S. States Transportation Electrification Load Profiles by Balancing Authority in the Western United States Total Load Profiles by Balancing Authority in the Western United States Historical Hourly to Subseasonal Solar and Wind Energy Droughts in the Lower 48 U.S. States Hourly Wind and Solar Generation Profiles at 1/8th Degree Resolution

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is managed
and operated by Battelle for the Department of Energy